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2018ACT考试英语必备句子成分

2017-11-15 15:05:47 浏览:来源:
句子成分,顾名思义,就是句子的组成部分。考生在备考ACT英语考试的时候,如果能对句子成分有比较周全的了解,那么对考生的备考而言还是很有帮助的。
1、主语(Subject)是一个句子中的主体,常由名词、代词或者起同等作用的词语充当,一般置于句首。如:

  The sun rises in the east.I love English very much.

  Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。

  2、谓语(Predicate)用来说明主语的动作或者状态,常由动词充当,位于主语之后。如:

  It was raining when she arrived at the airport.

  She accepts his proposal at last.

  3、宾语(Object)指承担谓语动作的对象,常由名词、代词或者同等作用的词语担任,置于及物动词或者介词之后。如:

  She only eats an apple every morning to lose weight.

  Our parents love us heart and soul.

  He is extremely fond of swimming.

  4、补语(Complement)和表语(Predicative),补语用来对主语和宾语进行补充,以使其意思更加完整,一般主要说明主语或宾语的特征,常由名词或形容词担任。表语即是连系动词(be动词、become等词)后面的主语补语。如:

  Jane was declared the champion of the match.(主语Jane的补语)

  People consider the plan feasible.(宾语plan的补语)

  The young lady is elegant.(表语,表明主语The young lady的特征)

  Lucy was a teacher before she came to China.(表语,指出主语Lucy的身份)

  5、定语(Attribute)用于限定或者修饰名词或者其他相当于名词作用的词语,常由形容词、相当于形容词的短语或者从句充当。形容词常置于名词之前,其他两种定语则位于名词之后。如:

  The young lady picked him up every afternoon.

  She has a great desire to travel around the world.

  The boy who wears a pair of glasses is Harry Porter.

  6、状语(Adverbial)用于修饰动词、形容词、副词乃至整个句子,常由副词或者具有同等作用的短语或从句充当。如:

  Lily performed well in the contest.

  Honestly, I do not know how to solve this problem.

  As time goes by, we have a much better understanding of each other.

  有时候,形容词或者过去分词也可以充当状语,如:

  Cold and hungry, the little girl died in the night.

  Preoccupied with his work, he has no time to care for his family.

  以上六种句子成分就是ACT English必备的,希望考生在备考ACT英语考试的时候能重点掌握,ACT英语成绩高分的取得需要考生做好充分的备考工作,希望考生可以重视。
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