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SAT考试真题(四)

2017-11-16 13:43:22 浏览:来源:
1. 主谓一致:n1+ prep+n2 就远原则(频率>4);
  通常n1容易设定为单数,n2为复数。大多同学看到谓语前的名词为复数形式就容易判定此谓语形式正确,一定要注意真正的主语其实为n1.
  eg.The discussion on the adoption of the orphans are(×) not over yet.句子真正主语为discussion,are应该修改为is。
  2. Run-on sentence: 检查SVO是否齐全,注意连接(频率>5)
  若前后两句主谓宾皆齐全,则注意以下四点必须具备其一,否则则为run-on句:
  a.分号分隔;
  eg. Nancy really wants this opportunity to do the volunteering teaching in Africa; she is excited about returning to the place where she was born.
  b.逗号+连词;
  eg. Nancy really wants this opportunity to do the volunteering teaching in Africa, for she is excited about returning to the place where she was born.
  c.句号分隔;
  eg. Nancy really wants this opportunity to do the volunteering teaching in Africa. She is excited about returning to the place she born.
  d.两个完整句一个为另一个从句,关系词连接。
  eg. Nancy really wants this opportunity to do the volunteering teaching in Africa, as she is excited about returning to the place she born.
  3. 悬垂结构:找主语,查动词对象 (频率>4,主要出现在IS);
  若句子为现在分词v-ing或过去分词v-ed引导,快速锁定逗号,并在其后找到主语。分词对应主语应为动作发出者,切忌主语不一致。除此之外,引导句中代词的性质(是人是物)及单复数也会为其后主语的出现做足铺垫。两点一起锁定便可锁定正确答案。
  a. Written in French, the author(×) was then translated into 8 languages due to its popularity worldwide. 被写的肯定是书不是作者,而且作者也不能被翻译,是书被翻译,所以author改为book。
  b. Aiming to finish the work ahead of time, the girl hasn’t slept for 3 days. Girl是aiming to提前完成工作的主语,句子正确。
  4. 时态:标志词(具体时间+past/future/now/since/ for等标志词)+平行动词时态(频率>3);其中过去完成时为常考时态,虚拟语气偶见为难点,本次考试没有出现。
  5. 比较平行结构:性质,单复,词性及结构要一致(频率>3);
  常见平行结构:and/ or/ than/ either...or/neither...nor/ not only...but also/ both...and/ between... and/ as well as。 其中,在比较结构中常考性质缺失需补充that of。
  6.固定搭配:又考察了not only... but also;consider sb/sth as;
  Not only...but also的搭配在试题中常常省略掉also变为not only...but出现,很多同学读出了并列递进关系却忘记了前面的not only,常常未能成功识别错误项“and”,一定要引起重视。
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